In cooperation with ILEIA and Boerengroep Jessica Milgroom presents the documentary Orphans of the Land dealing with land grabbing and resettlement in Mozambique. The screening will be followed by a Q&A session.
Every year, millions of people are displaced from their land to make room for ‘development’ projects. Moved to land already occupied by others, resettled people struggle to regain autonomy over their resources, and their wellbeing. Despite the detrimental impacts of displacement, and decades of failed attempts to improve resettlement practice, projects that entail displacement continue to be funded across the world. This film transmits the lived experience of resettlement for residents displaced from the Limpopo National Park in Mozambique. Based on ethnographic fieldwork carried out over 8 years, the film reveals the intimacies of everyday life for people before, and after resettlement.
Tickets: for free
People facing resettlement are filled with hope for a better life. Although some families find prosperity after resettlement, as orphans of the land, villages lose autonomy to make decisions about the natural resources on which their livelihoods depend. Resettled people cannot access enough land to recreate their traditional cropping system, leaving them vulnerable to food insecurity.
The number of people displaced by ‘development’ has risen from 10 million to 15 million per year in the last decade alone. Current trends suggest that this figure will keep climbing as the number and scale of projects that lead to the displacement of people, such as dams, roads, mines and conservation areas, steadily increase. Displacement that is caused by development projects, known as development-forced displacement and resettlement (DFDR), is a hidden human rights problem because it is seen as an unavoidable consequence of development. Many international donors, governments and development agencies argue that resettlement should be carried out as if it were a development project itself that can improve people’s lives. However, despite attempts to compensate for losses, evidence suggests that DFDR tends to culminate in long-term and often severe social, economic and cultural impoverishment for resettling and host-village residents.